Children of utopia

0613-9550hd-web thumbnail
0613-9554hd-web thumbnail
0613-9571hd-web thumbnail
0613-9537hd thumbnail
0613-9663hd thumbnail
Les vaches du kibutz, avant la traite sont abritées du soleil du désert. thumbnail
0613-9763hd-web thumbnail
0613-9837hd-web thumbnail
0613-9784hd-web thumbnail
0613-9933hd-web thumbnail
0613-9583hd-web thumbnail
0613-9861hd-web thumbnail
0613-9867hd-web thumbnail
0613-9887hd-web thumbnail
0613-0035hd-web thumbnail
0613-0213hd-web thumbnail
0613-0108hd-web thumbnail
0613-0172hd-web thumbnail
0613-0074hd-web thumbnail
0613-0248hd-web thumbnail
0613-0253hd-web thumbnail
0613-0264hd-web thumbnail
0613-0279hd-web thumbnail
0613-0313hd-web thumbnail
0613-0299hd-web thumbnail
0613-0340hd-web thumbnail
0613-0355hd-web thumbnail
0613-0437hd-web thumbnail
0613-0466hd-web thumbnail
0613-0477hd-web thumbnail
0613-0485hd-web thumbnail
0613-0451hd-web thumbnail
0613-0496hd thumbnail
0613-0526hd-web thumbnail
0613-0531hd-web thumbnail
0613-0539hd-web thumbnail
0613-0625hd thumbnail
0613-0604hd-web thumbnail
0613-0685hd-web thumbnail
0613-0704hd-web thumbnail
0613-0714hd-web thumbnail
0613-0744hd-web thumbnail
0613-0674hd-web thumbnail
0613-0756hd-web thumbnail
0613-0759hd-web thumbnail
0613-0773hd-web thumbnail
0314-7479hd thumbnail
0314-7506hd thumbnail
0314-7537hd thumbnail
0613-0791hd-web thumbnail
0613-1056hd-web thumbnail
0613-1064hd-web thumbnail
0613-1092hd-web thumbnail
0613-1120hd-web thumbnail
0613-1140hd-web thumbnail
0613-1189hd-web thumbnail
0613-1290hd-web thumbnail
0613-1297hd-web thumbnail
0613-0817hd-web thumbnail
0613-0826hd-web thumbnail
0613-0881hd thumbnail
0613-0883hd thumbnail
0613-0957hd-web thumbnail
0613-1025hd-web thumbnail
0613-0960hd-web thumbnail
0613-9300hd-web thumbnail
0613-9328hd-web thumbnail
0613-9336hd-web thumbnail
0613-9376hd-web thumbnail
0613-9418hd-web thumbnail
0613-9286hd-web thumbnail
0613-9439hd-web thumbnail
0613-9480hd-web thumbnail
0613-9520hd-web thumbnail
0613-9514hd-web thumbnail
0613-9550hd-web
0613-9554hd-web
0613-9571hd-web
0613-9537hd
0613-9663hd
Les vaches du kibutz, avant la traite sont abritées du soleil du désert.
0613-9763hd-web
0613-9837hd-web
0613-9784hd-web
0613-9933hd-web
0613-9583hd-web
0613-9861hd-web
0613-9867hd-web
0613-9887hd-web
0613-0035hd-web
0613-0213hd-web
0613-0108hd-web
0613-0172hd-web
0613-0074hd-web
0613-0248hd-web
0613-0253hd-web
0613-0264hd-web
0613-0279hd-web
0613-0313hd-web
0613-0299hd-web
0613-0340hd-web
0613-0355hd-web
0613-0437hd-web
0613-0466hd-web
0613-0477hd-web
0613-0485hd-web
0613-0451hd-web
0613-0496hd
0613-0526hd-web
0613-0531hd-web
0613-0539hd-web
0613-0625hd
0613-0604hd-web
0613-0685hd-web
0613-0704hd-web
0613-0714hd-web
0613-0744hd-web
0613-0674hd-web
0613-0756hd-web
0613-0759hd-web
0613-0773hd-web
0314-7479hd
0314-7506hd
0314-7537hd
0613-0791hd-web
0613-1056hd-web
0613-1064hd-web
0613-1092hd-web
0613-1120hd-web
0613-1140hd-web
0613-1189hd-web
0613-1290hd-web
0613-1297hd-web
0613-0817hd-web
0613-0826hd-web
0613-0881hd
0613-0883hd
0613-0957hd-web
0613-1025hd-web
0613-0960hd-web
0613-9300hd-web
0613-9328hd-web
0613-9336hd-web
0613-9376hd-web
0613-9418hd-web
0613-9286hd-web
0613-9439hd-web
0613-9480hd-web
0613-9520hd-web
0613-9514hd-web

Kibbutz YotVata, an oasis in the middle of the Negev desert.

Retired women make covers for the kids of the kibbutz.

Kids walk around the kibbutz. A familiar scene in every kibbutzim.

In the kitchen of the kibbutz, where the meals for the 700 inhabitants are prepared.

In YotVata, Fanny, a retired woman of french origin can devote herself to her passion: crafting masks and marionnettes.

The cows are protected from the sun before being milked.

YotVata, an oasis in the middle of the Negev desert.

One of the founder of the cattle farm at YotVata still works there, at more than 70 years old.

The ultra-modern milking of the cows at YotVata.

Shahar, originally from Columbia and converted to judaism, works in the milk factory at YotVata.

The milk products factory at YotVata.

Shahar, originally from Columbia and converted to judaism, lives in the kibbutz for years. He's married to Anat, the general secretary.

Shahar is also in charge of the security at YotVata.

The swimming pool of the comforable kibbutz YotVata, in the Negev desert.

The kibbutz Samar, in the Negev desert. Here, the rule is that "there is no rule" - almost a real anarchy ideal.

The date-palm trees and machines used for the harvests.

Frederico, a brazilian volunteers sings reggae songs out loud while working.

Tsafrir, a worker from Samar, and Frederico, a volunteer, attach the branches of the date-palm trees before the harvests.

Lunch break for the workers and volunteers of the date-palm trees.

Noah's project is growing a lawn in the desert to sell it bits by bits to hotels and golf resorts in Eilat.

Noah's project is growing a lawn in the desert to sell it bits by bits to hotels and golf resorts in Eilat.

Noah's project is growing a lawn in the desert to sell it bits by bits to hotels and golf resorts in Eilat.

The customized machine used to cut and extract squares of lawn.

Yaniv, 47, works at the workshop, upgrading the machines used for the date-palm trees harvests.

Avital, 16 and her best friend ZIv, 17, in kibbutz Samar.

Roy, 19, makes his civil service working at Samar.

At Samar, in the Negev desert, the rule is "that there is no rule" and people can customize their house.

LIse-Rose, of french origin, a WW2 survivor, lives now at Sde Eliyahu, north of Israel. She sews costumes.

Lise-Rose just found and met the family who hid her in France during WW2 and tells her story with emotion.

Lise-Rose and Beni Gavrieli. She just found and met the family who hid her in France during WW2 and tells her story.

Lise-Rose at Sde Eliyahu, north of Israel. Biking is the preferred transport mean in the kibbutzim -- and no need to attach them.

Sde Eliyahu, north of Israel. It's one of the few religious kibbutzim.

At the heart of the kibbutz Sde Eliyahu, north of Israel.

Sde Eliyahu library.

Tsila, Beni's wife is a librarian. She shows old books that are the pride of her library.

Children at the kibbutz library.

Beni shows the corn crops. In Sde Eliyahu, everything is organic, to protect the earth for future generations.

Sde Eliyahu grapes.

Beni greets a friend.

On thursdays, the inhabitants go the common dining room to get the food for the friday and saturday, since religious jewish can't use electricity or work on Shabbat.

On thursdays, the inhabitants go the common dining room to get the food for the friday and saturday, since religious jewish can't use electricity or work on Shabbat.

Sde Eliyahu, at the north of Israel.

Tova, her daughter Tsila and Beni, her son in law.

Four generations share dinner.

Beni prepares bretzels for the shabbat.

Tova, of french and lithuanian origins, visits her daughters and grand-children at the kibbutz.

Sde Eliyahu

Sde Eliyahu at night.

Sde Eliyahu at night.

At Sasa, children and teenagers take an active part of the cleaning tasks.

The dining room, heart of every kibbutz.

Shmuel, 76, of french origin and 2nd WW survivor, and his wife Shula. As kibbutz pioneers, they lived in the Neguev desert since 1959, before moving to Sasa.

Shmuel, 76 years old, of french origins. He survived during the 2nd world war by hiding in a forest and growing whatever edible plants he could.

At Sasa, Shmuel has taken care of the orchards for most of his life. He shows here his garden, where he grows all sort of fruits, vegetables and flowers.

At Sasa, Shmuel has taken care of the orchards for most of his life. He shows here his garden, where he grows all sort of fruits, vegetables and flowers.

Shmuel shows the hills of Lebanon, from where rockets were launched in 2006.

Tsoar, in Tel-Aviv's suburbs.

Tsoar, in Tel-Aviv's suburbs. The inhabitants all know each other.

Degania, near the Sea of Galilea is the first kibbutz, now privatized.

At Degania, the remains of the very first kibbutz are everywhere. It's the most visited kibbutz.

The old houses of Degania, the very first kibbutz, founded in 1909.

Degana is one of the most visited kibbutz.

Degania, near the Sea of Galilea is the first kibbutz, now privatized.

Degania entrance, that symbolizes the national resistance. In 1949, the inhabitants resisted to the Syrian attack.

A young woman, daughter of kibbutz' inhabitants, just came back to live at the kibbutz. For years, the children of Degania didn't come back, believing there was no place for them.

Ein Guedi kibbutz, near the Dead Sea. The main activity of the kibbutz is the touristic complex by it.

Ein Guedi kibbutz, near the Dead Sea.

Ein Guedi kibbutz, near the Dead Sea.

Tourists at the kibbutz Ein Guedi, near the Dead Sea.

The road going down from Ein Guedi Kibbutz to the Dead Sea.

The Dead Sea.

Tourists bathe in the Dead Sea

Tourists bathe in the Dead Sea

Tourists bathe in the Dead Sea

A hotel complex on the banks of the Dead Sea.


 
 
With the hope of a better society, fairer, egalitarian, and zionist, the first kibbutz was born in Degania in 1909 in what was called Palestine. Nowadays, 2% of the israeli population still lives in a kibbutz, producing 8% of the national production. But behind the success story, 75% of the kibbutzim have been privatized, swallowed by the liberal system, and eaten away by individualistic temptations. Still, there are bubbles of resistance like in Yotvata, a comfortable kibbutz in the middle of the Negev desert, specialiazed in milk production. Anat, a former social worker, who is now the general secretary of the kibbutz, still believes in the original principles. « Here, everyone has the same annual budget whether they takes the garbage out or they’re in charge of the finances of the kibbutz ». She doesn’t consider punishment as a solution for the lazy ones, unlike Sharar, her husband, a former volonteer converted to judaism.
In Samar, a few kilometers away, the rule is that there’s « no rule », explains Yaniv. The inhabitants have the right to change the aspect of their home, unlike Yotvata, if the council of the kibbutz accepts. The dining room is open 24/7 and it’s not rare that hungry teenagers come in the middle of the night to get some food… In a bubble ? « Yes, we are!, says Ziv, a teenager. I’m aware of all I owe to the kibbutz. That’s why I work as a volonteer, once a week ». She says she never used a shekel because she simply doesn’t need it : the kibbutz pays for her access to education, food, housing, even swimming pool…

In Sde Eliyahu, a religious kibbutz, Beni, an American-born who came to live in Israel three decades ago, speaks with enthusiasm about this place. « In the Bible it’s written, « Take this ground, and keep it. Everything is in the meaning of « keep ». It doesn’t mean for oneself, but for the next generations. » Therefore, all the fruits and vegatable cultivated at the kibbutz are organic. To honor God and preserve the earth. On thursday evenings, the families come to the dining room to get the meal of the shabbat — during which they don’t use electricity. Tova, the grand-mother, came to visit the family. With a delicious french-lithuanian accent, she says: « It’s miraculous! Imagine when the first kibbutznik came, there was nothing. Nothing ». Shmuel confirms this, he had to hide in the woods during Occupation in France, to avoid being deported and survived because of the informal agriculture. Today, he’s fond of his garden, a wonderful place near the border with Lebanon. « When we settled in the 50′s in the Negev desert, the country was to be built. We had no water, no ventilator, no bathroom. Ideology was so strong that our classical music records were taken from us immediately. Even our children were raised in kindergarten and didn’t sleep at home », he remembers.

If the situation has changed a lot with the modernization of the kibbutzim, and that their industrialisation was necessary to survive, the kibbutz remains the biggest community movement in the world and a place where the human being is responsible and believes in a strong model of improvement. Sometimes, though, the kibbutznik forget themselves, get high degree diplomas but work on a farm, live with the others without intimacy… Fanny, a beautiful 60 years old, has lived in Yotvata for 30 years : « I don’t regret anything, but now I’m retired, I know it’s time to think about myself… »

[Published in Paris Match, november 2013]

eXTReMe Tracker